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Bill of lading


Container Bill of Lading:

This type of BL indicates that the goods are carried in a carried in a container as one unit of cargo. The containers in which the goods are Locked-in are generally numbered in a systematic manner indicating ownership, type of container, size of container and identification number. This facilities quicker loading/unloading at the ports and thus avoids congestions.

Master bill of Lading:
The MBL is issued by the original carrier/steamer agent or shipping line to freight forwarders, who generally consolidate, giving details of the cargo to be carried by the liner.

House Bill of lading:
The HBL is issued by the freight forwarder to the shipper, giving details of the consignment to be carried to the destination country. The HBL is generally issued by Non Vessel Operating Container Carries (NVOCCs).

Express Bill of Lading:
The EBL is a document required for the fast delivery of a container. The original Bill of Lading is not required in this case, which is surrendered at the load part.

Combined Transport Bill of Lading:
Also known as "Multimodal Transport Document" a Combined Transport Bill of Lading is BL issued by a Shipping Company or its agents who act as combined transport operators and carry the goods from state to finish.

The shipping company or its agents act as principal carrier (called contractual carriers) guaranteeing safe carriage of goods. Such a continuous liability is not available in the case of through BL. It is a negotiable document issued in sets subject to the we have the Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act, 1993 governing issuance of such documents.

Clean Bill of Lading:
A clean BL is one which does not bear any superimposed clause or notation that expressly declares the defective condition of the goods or packing. In other words, a clean bill of a lading is one which states that the goods have been "Shipped in good order and condition".

Claused Bill of Lading:
A clean BL is one which does not bear any superimposed clause or notation that expressly declares the defective nature of goods, their packing etc., are mentioned by the master of vessel/steamer agent. For example-Gunny bags form "Drum leaking" etc.

On-Board Bill of Lading:
This BL evidence goods having been loaded on board the specified vessel. Such a BL will have a notation "Shipped on Board" or words to the effect. in these cases, the date of issuance of the BL will be deemed to be the date of shipment.

Received for Shipment Bill of Lading:
The BL merely acknowledges receipt of goods by the ship owners or their agent for shipment. Such a BL will contain a clause a clause reading "Received
in apparent good order and condition (or otherwise) for shipment by m.v or the next following vessel". It is compulsory to mention the name of the actual vessel in case of change for vessel after the issuance of Received for Shipment BL. This BL can be converted into "On-Board BL" after completion of loading by putting the notation "On-Board" Such notation will be dated and authenticated by the shipping company. In such cases, the date on notation shall be deemed as date of shipment. Short Form Bill of Lading:

A BL normally evidence as underlying contract of carriage and hence should have terms and conditions of carriage printed on it. In case of a Short Form BL, the contract of carriage may not be stated in full and merely states the name of the shipped, name of ship, date of shipment etc. For full details, another document may be cited for being referred to. The total number of packaged and description are also to be stated in the document.

Liner Bill of Lading:
This is issued by the shipping company who are members of conference lines having a scheduled and strictly-timed run, while the tramp steamer is a chartered ship prepared to carry anything anywhere without a regular trip. A tramp steamer may deviate from the normal route and make unscheduled calls at various ports.

Through Bill of Lading:
A BL, which is issued for the entire voyage covering both domestic and international transport of export goods between specified points for specified charges, is called a Through BL. This is used generally when the goods have to take more than one mode of transport. Since it does not specify that the goods are on-based the ship, it resembles Received for Shipment BL.

Switch Bill of Lading:
Often called "the trader's second set" and intended to replace the first set of Bill of Lading issued. Usually used where a seller trader wishes to keep the name of his suppler i.e. shipper, secret from the ultimate buyer of the goods. Under this type of BL, only the name of the shipper and or consignee and or Notify Party can be changed. The normal BL has to be surrendered, but the BL number remains the same.

Charter Party Bill of Lading:
"Charter Party" is a contract between the ship owners and the hirer who may hire the vessel on a voyage basis or duration basis. The document containing the terms and conditions of this contract is known as the Charter Party. The shipper who has chartered the ship may agree to carry the goods of others in the ship and issue BL for the purpose. Such parties are called Charter Parties and the BL is called Charter Party BL. This kind of BL is BL as the ship owner may exercise lien over the goods in case charters do not pay hire charges.

Lash Bill of Lading:
Under this type of BL. The operators state that the goods have been received and placed onboard a barge, to be carried and ultimately placed on the mother vessel "LASH" stands for lighter aboard Ships. Thus, is the same as a Received for Shipment BL until it bears a clause stations that the barge is put on board the parent vessel. In South-East Asia, Lash barge operations must be presented not later than the expiry date of the credit.

Air Waybill: 
When goods are sent by air, the airline company or its authorized agent issued a waybill is a acknowledgment or receipt consignment not. Air waybill is an acknowledgment or receipt or receipt given to the shipper Unlike a Bill of Lading, it is not a document of title to goods. It establishes the terms between a shipper and an air transportation company and consignee for the transport of gods. In an air waybill, description of commodity, applicable air transportation charges, conditions limitations of liability and shipping instruction are included. The air waybill covers both domestic and international flights transporting cargo to a specified destination. The air waybill is a non-negotiable document which serves as a receipt for the shipper evidencing that the carrier has accepted the gods listed and obligates itself to carry the consignment to the airport of destination according to specified conditions.


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